The Development of the Mediaeval Town.

Mediaeval castles

If a map of medieval Europe is examined, it is quite striking to see the differences in where centres of population would form. Almost exclusively limited within the confines of Italy and the Mediterranean at the beginning of the 11th century, towns rapidly developed along the coasts of the north, in France, England, and the Netherlands. They spread out west along the Mediterranean coast, with Avignon, Barcelona and Granada in Spain taking prominence. More interesting however is the question of why towns didn’t form elsewhere, we see little to no development in the north-east of Europe. This essay will therefore look at the impact of developments in trade and commerce upon the towns which formed.

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To answer the question of how much urban independence could be developed, we must first understand how this essay defines a medieval town or city. It would not do for this essay to be concerned…

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