Newcastle Cathedral

St Nicholas church in Newcastle where John Knox preached between 1550-1553

The Freelance History Writer

Newcastle Cathedral by Paul Harrop from Wikimedia Commons Newcastle Cathedral by Paul Harrop from Wikimedia Commons

The Cathedral Church of St. Nicholas is a Church of England cathedral in Newcastle upon Tyne. St. Nicholas was born in Greece and died in 343 AD. He is the patron saint of children and mariners which might explain the position of the cathedral on the northern heights of the city above the River Tyne.

In 1080, William the Conqueror’s eldest son Robert Curthose came south after fighting King Malcolm III in Scotland and built a castle on the River Tyne. It was called Newcastle and just to the north, in 1091, a parish church, probably constructed of wood, was built close to the line of Hadrian’s Wall which extended through the center of the city. The first reference to a St. Nicholas church dates from 1194. Towards the end of the twelfth century, a stone church was erected on the site…

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